Harris Tweed is a type of originating woolen fabric of Scotland.
The name would be derived, according to legend, by a misinterpretation of twill (or tweel, according to the Scottish pronunciation), which means plain twill weave which results in a fabric with diagonal grooves or designs made from various combinations such as bone of fish.
Since this method was used in the nineteenth century textile centers along the River Tweed, which represents the historic border between Scotland and England, this would explain the confusion.
The fabric is famous worldwide for its solid consistency which ensures durability for years. At first they used gray yarns and blacks and the classic herringbone motive was.
Today is produced in many colors and patterns including houndstooth (houndstooth), checked (picture), overchecked (windowed).
There are also versions in the colors of the classic Scottish tartan.
The Harris Tweed (Clò mòr in Gaelic) is a special quality made famous by the Countess of Dunmore who promoted at the Lewis and Harris islands fabric manufacturers, Uist and Barra, the Hebridean.
The label Harris Tweed guaranteed the pure virgin wool, woolen, woven, spun and hand-dyed with vegetable substances by the inhabitants of those islands. Today it is not a craft fabric, but it is produced in about 600 plants in an amount of nearly three million meters per year. Excellent quality, the characteristic light-dark pattern, especially herringbone, and with a wide range of colors, differs from normal tissue because it rougher.
Become a registered trademark in 1909 and the logo, a globe, is taken up by the crest of Dunmore accounts.
The Donegal (or irish tweed) is another type of tweed, a native of County Donegal in Ireland, it is characterized by buttons (dots) of color contrasting with the background colors.